Pentagon Scholar’s Guide to Overthrowing Governments
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Pentagon Scholar’s Guide to Overthrowing Governments

The 250-page study, entitled “Support to Resistance: Strategic Purpose and Effectiveness,” was penned by Army Special Forces veteran Will Irwin, and published by the Joint Special Operations University, where Irwin is a resident senior fellow. Few nations have universities dedicated to the art of the coup, but few nations have a history of foreign intervention quite like the US. Since the end of World War II, the United States has brought its military might to bear on dozens of countries and sponsored scores of insurgencies and regime change operations worldwide. Irwin was first faced with the task of whittling down the list to something manageable. After discounting coups that involved no resistance movements – like those in Iran in 1953 and Guatemala in 1954 – as well as those that involved actions against non-state actors, the researcher was left with 47 cases. Recent US proxy wars, like those in Syria, Ukraine and Libya, were also discounted. Sponsoring foreign resistance movements transcends partisan divisions. “Even presidents who, prior to their election, looked upon such activity with disfavor, found themselves compelled to use it after taking office,” Irwin wrote glowingly. What’s the magic formula? So everybody does it, but what makes a successful coup a successful coup? To the untrained observer, the US’s willingness to get into bed with shady ‘resistance’ fighters seems to be marked by a persistent inability to learn from the past. Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan both armed the Afghan mujahedin in their fight against the Soviets in the 1980s, only for US forces would be shot at with the same weapons just two decades later. That experience didn’t deter Barack Obama from arming hand-selected ‘moderate rebels’ in Syria just five years ago. Shockingly, many of these weapons ended up in the hands of Al-Nusra and Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) jihadists. Irwin identifies mixed results. Of the 47 cases studied, 23 were deemed successful and another 20 failures. Two were marked as “partially successful,” and another two “inconclusive.” Attempts to outright overthrow governments failed 71 percent of the time, as was the case for the CIA’s ill-fated ‘Bay of Pigs’ invasion of Cuba. Attempts to strong-arm foreign governments into toeing the line were more successful, working in three-quarters of instances – as was the case when the Carter and Reagan administrations sponsored Contra rebels in Nicaragua in the 1980s, as a means of coercing the country’s communist-leaning government into halting arms shipments to neighboring El Salvador. "Disruptive” actions – like the failed parachuting of anti-communist guerillas into Yugoslavia in 1948 to stir up resistance – failed just less than half the time. In 1948, the Chetnik guerillas literally fell into the hands of the Yugoslav authorities, who were waiting at the drop zone with weapons drawn. No matter what the purpose of the action, Irwin found that operations carried out “under wartime conditions” were twice as successful as those carried out in peacetime. Support to nonviolent civil resistance was also more likely to succeed, but that too was "most effective when conducted in direct support of a military campaign,” rather than as a standalone operation. Long term consequences For Irwin, the success or failure of a foreign intervention was judged on one simple criterion: Did it achieve the strategic objectives the US set out to achieve? However, as shown in the Afghanistan example mentioned above, short-term victory can have long-term consequences. The defeat of the Soviets led to the rise of a US-armed and battle-tested mujahedin, many of whose members would later join Al-Qaeda and the Taliban. Irwin admits this seemingly obvious contradiction, writing that intervention and regime change “most often addresses immediate issues and short-term rather than longer-term interests.” Fast forwarding to the present day, what lessons can be learned from Irwin’s how-to manual? The United States is currently providing political support to opposition leader Juan Guaido in Venezuela. Under Irwin’s definitions, Washington is sponsoring (for the most part) non-violent resistance during peacetime, an approach more successful than outright guerilla warfare, but less effective than if it were carried out alongside a military attack. Not that military action doesn’t have its supporters. State Secretary Mike Pompeo, National Security Advisor John Bolton, and President Donald Trump have all repeatedly uttered the phrase “all options are on the table” when it comes to dethroning Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro. With soft support for Guaido thus far failing to dislodge Maduro from power, and with Washington increasingly agitated at Moscow for its support for Maduro’s regime, there are plenty of opportunities for things to escalate in Venezuela. However, the hawks in Washington would do well to remember the abiding lesson from 'coup university': Success is never guaranteed, and short-term victory comes with long-term consequences.

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Islamic Channels are Fading out | Save Them

Islamic Channels are Fading out | Save Them

Islamic Channels are Fading out | Save ThemDonate here: Gofundme: https://www.gofundme.com/rationalbeliever Paypal: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=EN79XRUF35QWL **************************************************************************************************************************************** As'salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh, Dear viewers! As some of you are aware, it’s a couple of months that YouTube has updated its policies by setting the algorithms so that it targets Islamic content and channels. They removed so many Islamic channels from their partner program while almost none of those channels violated any of their policies. With this they try to fade out the Islamic Dawah. Same thing happened to our channel too… It is the third time that our channel is being targeted by YouTube. First they have banned a video worldwide for couple of hours, then they deleted a video with the claim that it violated their terms and conditions while it wasn’t the case... and recently they have demonetized our channel (the only source that could cover a part of our production costs) again by claiming that our content is violating their terms and conditions while in reality we have never promote violence, or produce inappropriate content. It seems like they want to demotivate us so that we stop producing Islamic contents. But by the will of Allah (swt) that will never happen! Indeed production of a professional content needs huge costs and time. A lot of efforts (e.g. providing topics, doing research, providing footage, making narration, recording, graphics, editing & etc...) goes into making only one video. And we alone are not capable of covering the whole costs since we have no more financial source. Therefore we ask you to join and take part in our dawah mission and support our channel in order to continue with even more amazing contents and to help us educate people around the world about the beautiful religion (ISLAM) and make them come closer to Allah (swt). Currently we are unable to create any patreon page due to some problems. But you can donate to the below gofundme and paypal links: For those brothers/sisters who have problem with the donation campaigns for Islamic channels: Just know that Allah is enough for them, it’s about your responsibility for your religion. They didn’t make these channels to make money out of them, for sure if they were looking for money, they would choose some other ways which would make way more money for them. But they chose to serve for their religion. They all try their best and have their own way of presenting the message of Islam… they face huge problems while making those contents which help you and your children. Be with them Support them to spread the truth And be the cause for guidance of masses In Sha Allah In sha Allah your donation will be counted as (Sadaqah Jaariyah) and will get continues rewards since these contents will reach to millions of viewers by the passage of time. If you can't support us financially, please make Dua for us. Jazzak Allahu Khairan, Rational Believer
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Prophet Muhammad (Saw) Stories | Old Woman And The Prophet Muhammad (Saw) | Quran Stories For Kids

Prophet Muhammad (Saw) Stories | Old Woman And The Prophet Muhammad (Saw) | Quran Stories For Kids

Prophet Muhammad (Saw) Stories | Old Woman And The Prophet Muhammad (Saw) | Quran Stories For KidsAssalamu Alaikum ! A long time ago, there lived an old woman who was carrying a heavy load along the road in the desert. It was a bit difficult for her, but she was managing as best as she could. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) helped her and took the luggage from the woman and carried it for her. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) asked the woman that where she was going and why? She said that I am leaving this town as I have heard that a magician named Muhammad is in town. Then what happened ? Will Prophet (SAW) help the old lady? Watch the full episode and learn more!!! We are bringing to you, for the very first time, the Stories of the Prophet (pbuh). The stories are structured to teach your little ones about the life and achievements of Prophet in an easy to understand format. Our videos are ideal for 6-12 year old children, and the adults too can enjoy our videos. Our videos are ideal for 4-12 year old children, and the adults too can enjoy our videos. Each of our videos presents the stories of Prophets from different times. Every video highlights the work of a Prophet, and how He preached the message of Allah (swt). The length of each segment, and the easy to understand narrative makes our videos an ideal teaching resource for parents and teachers. Please support us to keep making more videos! Subscribe our channel for latest updates : https://goo.gl/MgzqIw Download ► https://bamazoo.com/Prophetstories Watch our Prophet Stories : 1. Prophet Adam(as): https://goo.gl/qEcc9c 2. Prophet Nuh (Noah) (as): https://goo.gl/g28ENa 3. Prophet Hud (as): https://goo.gl/CxTZz4 4. Prophet Salih (Saleh)(as): https://goo.gl/jbiRQL 5. Prophet Ibrahim (as): https://goo.gl/SCVmrm 6. Prophet Isma'il (Ishmael): https://goo.gl/0b89zs 7. Prophet Ishaq (Isaac) &Prophet Yaqub (as) : https://goo.gl/InP2fB 8. Prophet Lut (Lot) (as): https://goo.gl/Mwiqvb 9. Prophet Yaqub (AS): https://goo.gl/mVEDh4 10. Prophet Shuaib (as) : https://goo.gl/t4hWCh 11. Prophet Yusuf(as): https://goo.gl/ydO3eQ 12. Prophet Ayyub (as) : https://goo.gl/ot5uyu 13. Prophet Yunus (Jonah) (as): https://goo.gl/IqGLeq 14. Prophet Musa (AS) : https://goo.gl/B4PYRg 15.Prophet Yusha AS & Prophet Hizqeel (AS) : https://goo.gl/zWzmVm 16.Prophet Shammil (AS) : https://goo.gl/4v3Q6d 17. Prophet Dawud (AS) Story Part - 1 : https://goo.gl/eBLXpU 18. Prophet Dawud (AS) Story Part-2 : https://goo.gl/2ziQg8 19. Prophet Sulaiman (AS) : https://goo.gl/yKjthN 20. Prophet Isaiah (AS) : https://goo.gl/eoDMHn 21. Prophet UZAIR(AS) : https://goo.gl/ptwfqR 22. Prophet Zakariyah (AS) : https://youtu.be/70qnWsQv5DM 23. Prophet Yahya (AS) Story : https://youtu.be/rGbzcz7tnz0 24. Prophet Isa (AS) Story Part - 1 : https://youtu.be/J-fOJKnU3o8 25. Prophet Isa (AS) Story Part - 2 : https://youtu.be/qE-1TxjIRN4 26. Prophet Isa (AS) Story Part - 3 : https://youtu.be/Zf-YX6Lwn0w 27. Prophet Muhammad(saw)Part1: https://youtu.be/WEEORXFj-lo 28. Prophet Muhammad (saw) Part2 : https://youtu.be/LO3WUk1b7fk 29. Prophet Muhammad (saw) Part3 : https://goo.gl/mtzZ8Z 30. Prophet Muhammad (saw) Part4 : https://goo.gl/iA1uED 31. Abbad Ibn Bashir (RA) : https://goo.gl/q3FDkQ 32. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) : https://goo.gl/ru1Xgd 33. Abdullah Ibn Masood (RA) Part 1: https://goo.gl/ZVmmH7 33. Abdullah Ibn Masood (RA) Part 2: https://goo.gl/BVNEjs 34. Abdullah Ibn Umm Maktum (RA) : https://goo.gl/Uy4Qti 35. Abu Darda (RA) : https://goo.gl/oXuqio 36. Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah (RA) : https://goo.gl/Psd9Uw 37. Noaman Ibn Muqqarin (RA) : https://goo.gl/SyNwq1 38. Syed Ibn Aamir Al Jumahi (RA) : https://goo.gl/W8PWGJ 39. Abuzar Al Gaffari (RA) : https://goo.gl/CUnr58 40. Salman Al Farisi (RA) part 1 : https://goo.gl/e88h72 41. Salman Al Farisi (RA) Part 2 : https://goo.gl/fbc6vm 42. Hazrat Ammar Ibn Yasir (RA) Part 1 : https://goo.gl/uuCzTJ 43. Hazrat Ammar Ibn Yasir (RA) Part 2 : https
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